There is a disconnect between the dynamic range of the human eye and the sensors of even the most powerful modern cameras. Whilst photographers can try to capture a ‘middling’ exposure, many will produce HDR (high dynamic range) photographs that use multiple exposures combined into one. This combination then gives a better all-round exposure for every area of a shot- instead of just one.
I’ve taken some examples of single exposures and then combined them to make a much more effective HDR. At the same time though, I feel that I have to mention that between modern RAW files and imaging software (in my case, Adobe Lightroom) are good enough to often ‘fix’ exposure problems after the fact.
In the single exposures, it’s only possible to get the correct exposure for either the interior or the exterior. The combination of both of these captures then creates a perfect composite.